The Brown Mountain Lights UFOs
The Brown Mountain Lights are a series of UFOs (Unidentified Flying Objects) reported near Brown Mountain in North Carolina. Now it is known that they are not really UFOs, but at the time they were classed as Unidentified Flying Objects.
Perhaps the earliest known account dates from September 13, 1913, as reported in the Charlotte Daily Observer. A fisherman claimed to have seen “mysterious lights seen just above the horizon every night” red in color, with a pronounced circular shape. Rather soon after this account, a United States Geological Survey employee, D.B. Stewart, studied the area in question and determined the witnesses had mistaken train lights for something more mysterious.
Reports of odd lights continued, and a more formal U.S.G.S. survey began in 1922, under the direction of George Rogers Mansfield. He determined witnesses had misidentified automobile or train lights, fires, or mundane stationary lights. In later decades, reports of the Brown Mountain Lights continued. An experiment conducted in 1977 shone a 50,000 candela floodlight 22 miles (35 km) towards Brown Mountain. Experimenters saw a red, circular light floating above the horizon, and thus concluded that refraction of ordinary lights were likely to blame for the Brown Mountain Lights.
Research on the phenomenon has been conducted by scientist Joshua P. Warren and L.E.M.U.R. (the League of Energy Materialization and Unexplained phenomena Research) based in Asheville, North Carolina. After fifteen years of field research, working with a wide variety of scientists, they concluded that the lights are caused by natural plasmas produced by special geologic and atmospheric conditions of the mountain. According to their interpretation, conductive and non-conductive layers of the mountain (such as magnetite and quartz) store electric charge when water runs through tunnels in the ridge. At night, when the rocks cool and contract, these layers squeeze together causing massive discharges. Sometimes multiple discharges intersect and spin fast enough to be observed in the visible electromagnetic spectrum, causing the illusion of a self-contained sphere of light at the point of intersection.
L.E.M.U.R. claims to have reproduced the "Brown Mountain Lights phenomenon" on a miniature scale in a physics lab, demonstrating the viability of the plasma theory and earning the cover of the journal Electric Space Craft in 2004. They say their work has shed light on the enigma of how ball lightning, and other unusual plasma, is produced in nature.
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